The Battle

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Treaties and Allegiances The Treaty of Perpetual Peace (1502) The reign of Henry VII was characterised by peaceful relations with both Scotland and Europe. The ‘Treaty of Perpetual Peace’ between the English and Scottish crowns in 1502 was the first attempt to end...
The treaties and allegiances of Europe provided the framework in which Kings and Nation States dealt with each other, making decisions about war and peace, trade and commerce. Yet it was the smouldering relationship between James IV and Henry VIII which lit the fires of discontent between the two...
The Muster (by 17th August 1513) James IV received letters from Louis XII and Anne of Brittany in early August while resident in Linlithgow Palace. He ordered that his forces should muster at Boroughmuir in Edinburgh, equipped with 20 days of supplies and ready to march,...
Surrey waits for news The Earl of Surrey, appointed to defend the north from the Scots, took up residence during the summer at Pontefract Castle. On 24th August, three days after the Scots crossed the border, he received news of the invasion. Surrey immediately ordered a...
Surrey arrives on the field (7th September) On 7th September Surrey and the English Army arrived at Wooler Haugh, 7 miles south of the Scottish Camp on Flodden Hill. On seeing how heavily fortified the Scottish camp on Flodden Hill was, Surrey wrote to James asking...
The Scots move Early on the morning of 9th September James IV, hearing that the English had outflanked him, moved his army from Flodden Hill to Branxton Hill.The move probably took until the early afternoon. He formed his force into four main units, squares or columns,...
The Scots open fire As the English army advanced out of the Pallinsburn the Scottish artillery opened fire.Their inability to fully depress the barrels of their cannon and their slow rate of fire limited the effectiveness of their bombardment.
As dark descended at around 7pm the battle was all but over.Around 10,000 Scottish soldiers lay dead along with between 2000-3000 English men. As the light faded, the English attacked the remains of the Scottish camp on Flodden Hill and burnt it.They also attacked the Scottish wagon train (ca...
Henry VIII of England 22 years old in 1513, he acceded to the throne in 1509 after the death of his father Henry VII, inheriting a massive war chest and his brother’s wife. He had little training in ruling a nation or diplomacy, and a passion...
9 results - showing 1 - 9